Saturday, June 21, 2014

Multiple Use Mid-River highway - more economical & beneficial than the proposed riverside project.

  • by BK Lim & FASEI ( Jan 2013, revised 18 June 2014 with special emphasis on the Chao Phraya Mid-River project)

Duped into Oil Addiction when cheaper & cleaner alternatives are available
The world had been duped into over-dependence (read addiction as in drug addiction admitted by Pres. GW Bush) on expensive “fossil oil” by the Oil Cabal Mafia (OCM).

The truth is, more than 90% of the so-called fossil oil extracted commercially to-date, were abiogenic (ie non biogenic/fossilised fuel) in origin. Through slow geological migration process, these long-term renewable deep abiotic oil eventually found their way into shallow traps (reservoirs). As shallow oil reservoirs get depleted, oil companies explored and drilled deeper to tap older and deeper reservoirs. Hundreds of giant oil discoveries (deeper than fossil source basins) in recent decades, are irrefutable proofs of renewable deep abiotic oil, not ancient finite fossil oil deposits.

For decades, generations of oil geologists were college-trained on the falsehood of finite fossil oil. Geology students were taught that fossil oil formed in Fossil Source Basins, migrated through permeable pathways to the shallower Miocene reservoirs (traps) millions of years ago. This led to the conclusion that oil is a finite resource (non renewable at least for the next few million years) and could only be found in sedimentary rock reservoirs (2-3 miles deep) and not any deeper, in the basement rocks beneath.

But the Russians had found new petroleum sources that were contrary to conventional Western (Rothschild Oil Mafia) wisdom. Russia had drilled over 300 eight-mile deep wells into the Earth's granite crust and found oil. According to OMAR (Oil Mafia Agenda21 Running-dog) experts and Fossil Fuel theories, oil is not supposed to be found so deep into the basement rocks. Basement rocks are too deep for massive deposits of fossil plants, animals and dinosaurs to form undisturbed (not metamorphosed) fossil source basins. Basement rocks that deep, would have undergone tectonic high pressure-temperature metamorphism which would have destroyed whatever
syngenetic biogenic hydrocarbon formed then. So how could massive hydrocarbon reservoirs still be found below the Fossil Source basins or within the basement rocks. Not unless OMAR experts had all LIED and withhold the truth. Oil migrate upwards not downwards. This would not be the first nor the last time, OMAR scientists and whores of mass deception (WMDs) lied.

More fallacies concocted by the OCM can be found in “The Fossil Oil Ponzi Scheme” (in prep). The reason for this introduction is to demonstrate how the OCM deliberately frustrate any viable industrial attempts to harness cheap and clean renewable energy. Most highways can be utilised to produce cheap solar energy but the mid-river model provides the best potential at the most economic cost. Especially if the construction costs can be shared by an integrated system comprising aquaponic farming, deep aquifer replenish-transfer and flood control projects.

But the OCM want the world to be chained to expensive “fossil” oil. A world addicted to “fossil oil” is easier to control than independent nations with bountiful, cheap and clean renewal energy sources. Oil (besides water) is the largest commodity in use today. World's daily consumption and production surpassed the 72 million bbl/day mark in 1996. Since 2003, >80 million bbl of oil flow through the economic veins of the world each day, affecting and controlling every aspect of our daily lives. “Control Oil and you control the nations; control food and you control the people” Henry Kissinger said.

Similarly, Halliburton lied when they claimed their fracking technology extracts naturally occurring gas from shale. From all geological viewpoints, there is insufficient methane gas in shale for commercially viable extraction. The truth is, Halliburton's patented and secret fracking technology synthesizes new methane gas in the deep shale formation itself. A sort of in-situ deep underground factory, where the bulk of source material is in the shale itself.
The inexhaustible supply of carbon comes from the shale formation. Hydrogen comes from the huge (wasteful) amount of water pumped into fractured-hydrocarbon synthesis zone. Fracking also had the hidden sinister agenda of poisoning and destroying the natural environment, natural “seals” (overlying impervious formations), aquifers and tectonic stability. The proofs are well documented. Fire-water (water that ignites) and quakes occur in the vicinity of fracking activities, where none was reported previously before fracking started. Fracking proves that fossil oil is baloney. Abiotic oil a fact.

Expensive fossil oil is their golden goose scam. Do not expect the KZB (Khazarian Zionist Banksters) to give way to cheaper, cleaner renewable energy any time soon without a fight. After decades of study, cheaper and cleaner alternatives to oil exist. But the KZB will fight “tooth & nails” to suppress this fact. Watch out for the OMAR-sponsored widespread dis-information to keep the world under their Oily-garch control.

Thailand controversial River-side highway project:
The plan, which still requires approval from the military junta, is designed to ease traffic congestion capital and prevent flooding in the capital. The ministry will request a budget of 40 million baht from the national transport infrastructure plan to conduct a feasibility study for the project, which would see riverside roads built along flood levees between Bangkok and Nonthaburi.

While this article focuses on proposed Chao Praya Highway, similar mid-river schemes can be implement on other river-flood plains as well. As we now know, billionaire Thaksin Shinawatra (Thailand's PM from Feb 9, 2001 – Sept 19, 2006) was and still is, a crony of the KZB. This is not a political article. But knowing his political affiliation helps us to understand his hidden political agenda behind his mega projects. The Thai people will never benefit from his vested-interest grandiose schemes which will only serve to inflate the costs of any non-oil alternatives.

Thailand has vast natural and human resources to shake free from the economical shackle of the OCM. It would be a tremendous economic waste if the revived River-side Highway project were to proceed as originally proposed by the previous Thaksin government. Instead of a river-side highway, the present benevolent Thai government should revise it to a mid-river highway construction project.

First, some of the arguments against the river-side development.
  1. A river-side highway project would cause a lot of hardship to thousands of existing river-side residents and businesses. The completed highway could potentially isolate and choke off future business.
  2. The foundations of invaluable ancient monuments along the banks of the Chao Praya river, could be partially weaken if not outright destroyed from the incessant sheet piling and reclamation works.
  3. Raised embankments do not prevent future catastrophic flooding as shown by many projects around the globe. While it does prevent minor flooding, future massive flooding from excessive rainfall will be even more catastrophic. In other words, raise embankments do not solve the root causes in the big picture scenario. They transfer the flooding problems somewhere else.
  4. By raising the ground water table, low lying areas would be seriously impacted. Expensive and costly to maintain active pumping facilities would be needed drain excess water every now and then. The environmental impact would be severe and widespread. Do not let short-term, vested interest environmental impact assessment studies (EIA) tell you otherwise. Most EIA reports are seriously flawed and stacked in favor of the pay masters (from industrial experience).
  5. Construction would be slow due to confined space and high density population. There is a high risk of delays, expensive cost overruns and public protests.
  6. The river-side highways may not solve the traffic congestion problem due to limited space for free-flowing interchanges. The traffic solution is only as effective as the interchanges. Lack of land space will severely limit the optimum number and design of the interchanges. Good ideas with lame implementation always cause a lot more problem than they solve.
  7. Expensive land reclamation or acquisition. Why compete for land at the congested river-side when the wide mid-river offers wide open space and unhindered potential to develop add-on power-generation (slow flow current, wind & solar-thermal), vertical aquaponics farming (fish, vegetables & other seafood) to enhance the tourism industry, fresh supply of clean natural water and a permanent flood control system for eternity, irrespective of future unprecedented rainfall?
We have long been an advocate of utilising local natural geological resources to solving traffic, energy, flooding, farming and economic problems on a wholistic integrated approach. A river-side highway would have been most wasteful with many social, environmental and engineering problems. On the other hand, if the riverside highway were to be converted to a mid-river project, not only would the primary objectives (traffic congestions and flood control) be better achieved, there could be other add-on potentials such as economic clean power generation, aquaponic farming, inexhaustible fresh water supply and a means to remove toxic waste.

Advantages of a mid-river highway.

Unhindered water-transport access for construction:
Unhindered work-site access translate into lower construction costs. Construction barges can work round-the-clock with little disturbance to the city. The residents in the high density populated river banks, would be inconvenienced for only a short period of time during the construction of the local interchanges. Who would want their hard-earned expensive river bank real-estate investments be devalued by a highway blocking their access/view to the river? On the other hand, an elevated view from the mid-river highway along the famed Chao Praya, could be an added tourist attraction.

There would be better public perception and tolerance of the development project, if the project does not compete with the local populace for land space, does not pose a threat to their livelihood. Instead the mid-river highway might enhance their real-estate values with future potential business benefits. There will be no major traffic disruption throughout the construction of the project. Every segment of the project is independent of each other. This will allow local engineering expertise to learn, grow and modify as the project progresses. Traffic can flow freely on completed segments.

The flood control system starts with the first deep control well. Efficiency and capacity grow as more multipurpose deep control wells are added to the system. Unlike the KL SMART (traffic and drainage) tunnel, practical problems can only be identified at the end (completion) of the project and by then it would be too late to change anything. KL SMART tunnel is a failure in many ways. The foreseeable worst case scenario could possibly manifest itself within the next 10 years.

The costs of drilling and constructing the deep control wells are shared with the bore-pile foundation of the mid-river highway and power-generation plants. The costs of 3 or more projects are all shared in one integrated project. Hence, a cost saving of at least 1/3 of the total costs of 3 individual projects.

Power generation options:
The mid-river highway-power generation scheme could cut down expensive fossil oil imports by up to 30% when fully implemented. Power generation can be effected by at least 5 different means. Solar energy by lining up solar panels on the elevated edges of the highway. In addition, arrays of heliostats can also be harnessed for solar-thermal energy. Slow current turbines installed beneath the highway at each bore-pile location can capture energy from the flowing river. Gravity-water displacement power generation method can be utilised within the multiuse deep control wells.

Advanced miniature wind vanes can capture natural wind energy as well as induced wind turbulence from high speed traffic. Cheap vibration-magnetic cells can convert induced vibration (from passing vehicles) as well as the natural vibration of any suspended structure into electrical energy. The mid-river highway offers miles of unobstructed airspace for renewable power generation. It does not interfere with the bustling cultural and economic activities on both sides of the river banks. All that useable space and renewable-energy potential would have been wasted with a river-side highway.

Slow Water Currents: We can use slow moving ocean and river waves for a new, reliable and affordable alternative energy source. A University of Michigan engineer has developed a device that acts like a fish that turns the potentially destructive vibrations in water into clean, renewable energy. This machine is named as VIVACE ( Vortex Induced Vibrations for Aquatic Clean Energy). It is the first known device that could draw energy from most water currents around the world, according to a statement from the University of Michigan. “There won’t be one solution for the world’s energy needs,” VIVACE developer Michael Bernitsas, a professor at the U-M department of naval architecture and marine engineering, said in the statement. “But if we could harness 0.1 percent of the energy in the ocean, we could support the energy needs of 15 billion people.”

Generating supercritical steam, an ultra-hot, ultra-pressurized steam that’s used to drive the world’s most advanced power plant turbines, has previously only been possible using fossil fuels, such as coal or gas. The CSIRO is touting its generation using solar technology as a breakthrough for solar energy production, with Dr Alex Wonhas, CSIRO's Energy Director, seeing it as a potential revolution for the renewable energy industry.
"It's like breaking the sound barrier; this step change proves solar has the potential to compete with the peak performance capabilities of fossil fuel sources," Dr Wonhas said. "Instead of relying on burning fossil fuels to produce supercritical steam, this breakthrough demonstrates that the power plants of the future could instead be using the free, zero emission energy of the sun to achieve the same result."
Commercial solar thermal power plants that currently exist use subcritical steam that is generated at similar temperatures to the CSIRO experiment, but at lower pressures. The difference between subcritical and supercritical power plants is that the former operate at lower pressures, which allows bubbles to form when heating takes place, leading to inefficiencies.
However, by increasing the pressure, the boiling temperature also increases and the latent heat of vaporization decreases. Supercritical steam powerplants operate at such high pressure that the latent heat of vaporization is zero; in other words, liquid water is converted directly to steam.
Modifying subcritical plants to operate on supercritical steam would vastly increase their efficiency and could help significantly lower the cost of generating solar electricity while negating the need to use fossil fuels to achieve the same result.

If Rotterdam-based tech firm The Archimedes has its way, however, that will soon change. Today the company officially introduced its Liam F1 Urban Wind Turbine, which is said to have an energy yield that is "80 percent of the maximum that is theoretically feasible." That's quite the assertion, given that most conventional wind turbines average around 25 to 50 percent. The 75-kg (165-lb) 1.5-meter (5-ft)-wide Liam obviously doesn't look much like a typical turbine. It draws on the form of the nautilus shell, and the screw pump invented by ancient Greek mathematician Archimedes of Syracuse.

That form factor reportedly results in minimal mechanical resistance, allowing it to spin very freely and to operate quietly – blade noise is one of the common complaints regarding rooftop wind turbines. Additionally, the design is claimed to keep it always pointing into the wind for maximum yield.

The directional vertical-axis turbine they've developed has no blade-pitch mechanism, no yaw mechanism, no gearbox, and no oil or grease required. Recessed into a gravity foundation on the sea floor, the turbine is mounted with a "direct drive" onto a generator designed to efficiently generate power at low speeds.Permanent magnets are used in these generators, and the key is having many poles, says Mats Leijon, research director and Uppsala professor. Traditional electromagnets cannot be used because their losses are too high at low speeds. Both iron bore and ferrite magnets are possible, and how they are wound affects efficiency, with wave windings being preferred over traditional sling winding distributions, says Leijon.

Flood control, underground water transfer & storage system
Hydro-dams can only control water when the water is still in the catchment area and not after the flood waters had reached the flood plains. Most typhoons, like Nesat and Nalgae dumped much of their rain load on the fluvial plains outside the control of hydro dams. Most existing drainage systems converge and drain into the main fluvial channels. This is like causing a massive traffic jam during peak flows and they all flow southwards towards Bangkok. With low elevation, there is not much gradient to speed up the water flow. Even if there is, the flood water will accumulate at the next flat zone. Our present surface drainage system is thus like a serial, linear system; never suitable to cater for peak flows during floods.
To solve our flooding woes, our fundamental concept of a converging system must radically change to a divergent distributed system (a complete reversal). In order to do that
a. there need to be alternative water outlets, not just the sea.
b. any excess water above the optimum flow level of the main channels must be automatically removed so that the volume of water can never reach the danger level of flooding (tackling the problem at root level before it gets too massive to handle)
c. water in the alternative outlet can be stored for extraction during the dry period or channel out to areas in need of water.
 Nature has already provided us with a ready made solution. All we need to do is to harness the enormous potential of our natural resources, hundreds to thousands of metres below us. Drill large deep wells into the highly fractured fault zones to act as vertical and inclined channels to the suitable porous rock formations for massive storage. Each country will need to design their own distributed network of underground channels (a combination of connecting tunnels and suitable fault zones) to interconnect the aquifers and deeper formations based on their respective geological structures and stratigraphy.

At 1m flood height over an area 1sq km, the volume of flood water is 1 million cu.metres. A sandstone bed 10 m thick with 20% porosity over 1 sq km area, has the capacity to store an equivalent of 1 million cu.metres of water assuming 50% impermeability. In addition a highly permeable fault zone with just 30% porosity (100m wide x 1km length x 1 km depth) could store as much as 30 million cu.metres of water. As these regional fault zones run for miles into the interior of the continental mass, their storage and transport capacity is potentially enormous. Clearly suitable geologic conditions can be utilized as deep underground resource (water store) with the appropriate adaptations. See illustrations in figures #7001a to c.

If excess water is continually removed as soon as it rises above the optimum main channel level, there is no need to actively pump the water into the wells. There can be various contraptions to generate electricity as the water flows downwards under gravity. These wells can have triple purposes; drain excess water into the underground store, generate electricity and provide fresh water sources during droughts.

As contingency (in the event of an unforeseen accidental flood outside the main channels; depending on the setup) water from the flooded area can be pumped into the nearest series of wells. With 5 wells per sq km and a conservative discharge rate of 20,000 cu m /day/well, it would take 10 days to clear 1 million cu.metres of water by pumping the water into the wells. The discharge rate can be improved by various means such as increasing the diameter and depth of the wells. The money to be spent on building more irrigation canals and flood control dams (now proven to be ineffective), can be better spent on these vertical dual purpose deep wells. With faster construction periods (than dam construction) and the immediate availability of the natural geological resources, a system of vertical wells can be installed progressively to prevent the next catastrophic flooding. With the unpredictable climate change following the gulf’s mega oil spill disaster, the next flood in your neighborhood could be just around the corner. Prevention is definitely better and less costly than cure.

Those who had experienced the floods first hand and had suffered personal losses of loved ones & irreplaceable valuables, the aftermath clean-up of the disaster is as traumatic as the tragedies themselves.
2011/10/30 Eco-friendly-geological-solutions-to-hydrobalance-mother-nature-back-to-health-part-1-pressing-flood-problems
The above article was published on 30 Oct 2011 just before the great flood of 2011, hit metro Bangkok. If emergency deep water wells were drilled to drain off the flood water in the upper flood plains of the Chao Praya, Bangkok might have escaped the severe flooding of 2011. Billions of dollars in flood damages could have been saved. It is still not too late to implement this eco-friendly geological system of flood control-water transfer & storage at a cost lower than a major dam construction. It would be most cost effective if integrated with the mid-river highway project.
In times of prolonged drought, fresh water can be pumped out from the dual-use deep water well or at new extraction-monitoring wells where water is needed. Underground deep aquifer storage is more efficient, economical and easily accessible than surface dams.

Aquaponic farming

Being an agricultural country, it would be advantageous to incorporate aquaponic farming to the mid-river highway. Various multi-level farming designs to conventional moored floating pontoons can be chosen to best suit the local Thai farming practices. The river must however, be wide enough to allow traditional river traffic on either side of the mid-river highway. Multi-level aquaponic farming can effectively increase the arable acreage and allow inland farming of seafood. This will boost Bangkok as the tourism capital with abundant supply of quality fresh seafood and organic vegetables.

If the Chao Praya river is to be used for aqua farming, the river water must be detoxicated first. Detoxification using natural filtration is effected by allowing contaminated surface water to migrate through miles of fractured fault zones or pervious geological formation underground. This natural process is not only more cost effective than factory-filtration plants, it also rejuvenates the fresh water supply naturally. At coastal areas, the deep multiple use wells can also function as desalination plants with some adaptations.